BFMParis pic. France's news in English Search. News categories Marseille Lyon Toulouse More…. Membership My account Gift voucher Corporate Help center. Jobs in France Browse jobs Post a vacancy. Email newsletters Newsletter sign-up Edit my subscriptions. Other pages Noticeboard Site search. France under pressure to ban circus animals after killing of tiger in Paris Evie Burrows-Taylor.
Share this article. Evie Burrows-Taylor. A sad incident which saw an escaped tiger shot dead by its owner in Paris has reignited the row over whether circuses in France should be allowed to use wild animals. The month-old female tiger, named Mevy, was shot dead by its owner in Paris' 15th arrondissement after it escaped from the Cirque Bormann-Moreno. As shocking images of the dead animal bleeding heavily from its gunshot wounds started circulating on social media, people were quick to condemn the act as well as the continued presence of wild animals in circuses in France.
Circus boss and owner of the tiger Eric Bormann says he has even received death threats over the incident. But animal rights groups including the Brigitte Bardot Foundation, One Voice and even France's League for the Protection of Birds LPO were among those seizing the moment to call for a ban on the presence of animals in circuses in France.
They're depressed because they are trapped in tight spaces and forced to do the same movements every day. He chose to represent the latter in the Chamber of Deputies. Refusing to form a ministry to replace the one he had overthrown, he supported the right in keeping Prime Minister Charles de Freycinet in power in and was responsible for the inclusion of Georges Ernest Boulanger in the Freycinet cabinet as War Minister. When General Boulanger revealed himself as an ambitious pretender, Clemenceau withdrew his support and became a vigorous opponent of the heterogeneous Boulangist movement, though the radical press continued to patronize the general.
The split in the Radical Party over Boulangism weakened his hand, and its collapse meant that moderate republicans did not need his help.
A further misfortune occurred in the Panama affair , as Clemenceau's relations with the businessman and politician Cornelius Herz led to his being included in the general suspicion. Six shots were discharged, but neither participant was injured. Clemenceau remained the leading spokesman for French radicalism, but his hostility to the Franco-Russian Alliance so increased his unpopularity that in the French legislative elections of , he was defeated for his seat in the Chamber of Deputies, after having held it continuously since After his defeat, Clemenceau confined his political activities to journalism for nearly a decade.
In all, Clemenceau published articles defending Dreyfus during the affair.
In , he withdrew from La Justice to found a weekly review, Le Bloc , to which he was practically the sole contributor. The publication of Le Bloc lasted until 15 March On 6 April , he was elected senator for the Var district of Draguignan , although he had previously called for the suppression of the French Senate , as he considered it a strong-house of conservatism. He served as the senator for Draguignan until In June , he undertook the direction of the journal L'Aurore , which he had founded.
In it, he led the campaign to revisit the Dreyfus affair, and to create a separation of Church and State in France. The latter was implemented by the French law on the Separation of the Churches and the State. In March the ministry of Maurice Rouvier fell as a result of civil disturbances provoked by the implementation of the law on the separation of church and state and the victory of radicals in the French legislative elections of The new government of Ferdinand Sarrien appointed Clemenceau as Minister of the Interior in the cabinet.
On a domestic level, Clemenceau reformed the French police forces and ordered repressive policies towards the workers' movement. Clemenceau ordered the military against the strikers and repressed the wine-growers' strike in the Languedoc-Roussillon. Clemenceau's speech positioned him as the strong man of the day in French politics; when the Sarrien ministry resigned in October, Clemenceau became premier. After a proposal by the deputy Paul Dussaussoy for limited women's suffrage in local elections, Clemenceau published a pamphlet in in which he declared that if women were given the vote France would return to the Middle Ages.
He was succeeded as premier by Aristide Briand , with a reconstructed cabinet. Between and , Clemenceau dedicated his time to travel, conferences and the treatment of his illness.taylor.evolt.org/tolef-dating-site.php
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There, he was amazed by the influence of French culture and of the French Revolution on local elites. He published the first issue of the Journal du Var on 10 April In these media, Clemenceau focused increasingly on foreign policy and condemned the Socialists' anti-militarism. At the outbreak of World War I in France in August , Clemenceau's newspaper was one of the first to be censored by the government; it was suspended from 29 September to 7 October.
In spite of the censorship imposed by the French government on Clemenceau's journalism at the beginning of World War I, he still wielded considerable political influence. As soon as the war started, Clemenceau advised Interior Minister Malvy to invoke Carnet B, a list of known and suspected subversives who were supposed to be arrested on mobilisation.
He suggested transportation of T. Masaryk legions from Russia to France s. He was a vehement critic of the war-time French government, asserting that it was not doing enough to win the war. His stance was driven by a will to regain the province of Alsace-Lorraine, a view shared by public opinion. The autumn of saw the disastrous Italian defeat at the Battle of Caporetto , the Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia , and rumours that former Prime Minister Joseph Caillaux and Interior Minister Louis Malvy might have engaged in treason. Clemenceau argued that even German restitution of Alsace-Lorraine and the liberation of Belgium would not be enough to justify France abandoning her Allies.
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This forced Alexandre Ribot and Aristide Briand both the previous two Prime Ministers, of whom the latter was by the far more powerful politician and had been approached by a German diplomat to agree in public that there would be no separate peace. For many years, Clemenceau was blamed for having blocked a possible compromise peace, but it is now clear from examination of German documents that Germany had no serious intention of handing over Alsace-Lorraine.
In November , at one of the darkest hours for the French war effort in World War I, Clemenceau was appointed prime minister. Unlike his predecessors, he discouraged internal disagreement and called for peace among the senior politicians. Almost his first act as prime minister was to relieve General Maurice Sarrail from his command of the Salonika Front.
This was the main topic of discussion at the first meeting of the War Committee on 6 December, at which Clemenceau stated, "Sarrail cannot remain there". Churchill later wrote that Clemenceau "looked like a wild animal pacing to and fro behind bars" in front of "an assembly which would have done anything to avoid putting him there, but, having put him there, felt they must obey".
When Clemenceau became prime minister in victory seemed to be elusive. There was little activity on the Western Front because it was believed that there should be limited attacks until the American support arrived. At this time, Italy was on the defensive, Russia had virtually stopped fighting — and it was believed correctly - see the Treaty of Brest Litovsk that they would be making a separate peace with Germany.
At home, the government had to deal with increasing demonstrations against the war, a scarcity of resources and air raids that were causing huge physical damage to Paris as well as undermining the morale of its citizens. It was also believed that many politicians secretly wanted peace. It was a challenging situation for Clemenceau; after years of criticizing other men during the war, he suddenly found himself in a position of supreme power.
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He was also isolated politically. He did not have close links with any parliamentary leaders especially after he had antagonized them so relentlessly during the course of the war and so had to rely on himself and his own circle of friends. Clemenceau's assumption of power meant little to the men in the trenches at first.
They thought of him as "just another politician", and the monthly assessment of troop morale found that only a minority found comfort in his appointment.
Slowly, however, as time passed, the confidence he inspired in a few began to grow throughout all the fighting men. They were encouraged by his many visits to the trenches. This confidence began to spread from the trenches to the home front and it was said, [ by whom? He nominated General Henri Mordacq to be his military chief of staff.
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Mordacq helped to inspire trust and mutual respect from the army to the government which proved essential to the final victory. Clemenceau was also well received by the media, because they felt that France was in need for strong leadership. It was widely recognized that throughout the war he was never discouraged and never stopped believing that France could achieve total victory. There were skeptics, however, that believed that Clemenceau, like other war time leaders, would have a short time in office.
It was said, [ by whom? Clemenceau will not last long—only long enough to clean up [the war]. As the military situation worsened in early , Clemenceau continued to support the policy of total war — "We present ourselves before you with the single thought of total war" — and the policy of "la guerre jusqu'au bout" war until the end.
His speech of 8 March advocating this policy was so effective that it left a vivid impression on Winston Churchill , who would make similar speeches on becoming British prime minister in Clemenceau's war policy encompassed the promise of victory with justice, loyalty to the fighting men, and immediate and severe punishment of crimes against France. Joseph Caillaux, a former French prime minister, disagreed with Clemenceau's policies. He wanted to surrender to Germany and negotiate a peace, thus Clemenceau viewed Caillaux as a threat to national security. Unlike previous ministers, Clemenceau moved against Caillaux publicly.
As a result, a parliamentary committee decided that Caillaux would be arrested and imprisoned for three years. The arrest of Caillaux and others raised the issue of Clemenceau's harshness but the only powers that Clemenceau assumed were those that he thought necessary to win the war. The many trials and arrests aroused great public excitement.
These trials, far from making the public fear the government, inspired confidence, as they felt that for the first time in the war, action was being taken and they were being firmly governed. The claims that Clemenceau's "firm government" was a dictatorship found little support.
Clemenceau was still held accountable to the people and media. He relaxed censorship on political views as he believed that newspapers had the right to criticize political figures: "The right to insult members of the government is inviolable. In , Clemenceau thought that France should adopt Woodrow Wilson 's Fourteen Points , mainly because of its point that called for the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France.